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How to Draw Ears – Step by Step

November 21, 20128 Comments

ear referenceear drawing

 

Giveaway Winner – Teressa J. Hatch

If you prefer to read, here is the transcript:

Hey guys my name is Stan Prokopenko, in this episode of Proko I’ll show you how to draw the ears. After the initial linear layin, I’m going to introduce a concept called shadow mapping. Basically during shadow mapping you focus on defining the shapes and edges of the light and dark pattern. But first, let’s start with the very important, linear layin.

STEP ONE – LAYIN

I’ll start with the angle of the connection to the head. and find the biggest shape of the ear, focusing on getting the width to height relationship and the correct angles of the plane changes.

Now I’ll focus on the complex shapes inside the ear. Make sure to constently compare shapes to the shapes around it. Keep checking angles and the size relationships of the shapes. Breaking up the curves into segments of straights makes it easier to design and draw accurately. also, It’s ok to exaggerate shapes if you think it will make for a better design.

STEP TWO – SHADOW MAPPING

Ok, so here’s the shadow mapping stage. The linear laying I have so far, doesn’t change, no matter where the lights source is. It simply indicated the forms. During the shadow mapping stage I’ll focus on the specific shapes cause by the light. So, I always start by evaluating what angle the light source is coming from. In this case, looks like its at the top left.

As I map the shadow pattern, I will be indicating either a core shadow or a cast shadow. The core shadows will usually have a soft or firm edge, whereas cast shadows will usually have a very sharp edge. So, simultaneously I’m indicating the shape of the shadow as well as the edge of the shadow.

STEP THREE – SEPARATE LIGHT AND SHADOW

Separate the lights from the shadows. Stay simple and don’t lose control of your values. Try to ignore all the dark halftones and only fill in the shadows. Remember, reflected lights are part of the shadow family. So fill them in as a shadow. The way to make them look like reflected lights is to darken the areas around them, not by lightening them. If you lighten them, they will become part of the light family and that will hurt the form. A very good guideline to follow is “The darkest light, is lighter than the lightest dark.” Let me repeat that. The darkest light, is lighter than the lightest dark. In other words, never make your reflected light lighter than your halftones. Of course with the exception of very reflective surfaces like metal and water.

STEP FOUR – OCCLUSION SHADOWS

In the deep crevices of all these forms, I’ll add the dark accents of the occlusion shadows.

STEP FIVE – HIGHLIGHTS AND HALFTONES

In the final stage, I’ll add some smaller planes in the lights with halftones and defining highlights. Most of the volumes in the ear should be shaded like organic cylinders. Make sure these volumes feel round.

***

Ok, so as with the other feature demos, I’m doing to give this drawing away and this time I’ll give it to someone that buys the new dvd that I announced a few days ago. If you’d like to purchase it go to proko.com/dvd1. Watch my previous video to get a quick overview of the DVD.

I’ll announce the winner of the give-away on December 7th.

Filed in: Portrait / HeadVideos

Comments (8)

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  1. Art Carlyle says:

    I like everything about your site. Top notch logo,clean layout,nicely paced videos,good use of humor,valuable information,good approach to marketing. Everything just about a good as it gets in my mind.

    I even bought your DVD and I never draw anything.

    Good luck with your sales. Way to go!

  2. Mary Lacerenza says:

    Best instructions I have ever received. Already ordered your video . Please keep sending work!

  3. Stormslegacy says:

    Thank you very much for posting these! Very helpful. I hadn’t seen shadow-mapping before, it looks like a valuable skill to learn. I feel a little dumb asking but, how do you remember which parts are the lay-in and which are the shadows?

    • I consider shadow mapping as part of the layin stage. I separated it in this demo because its slightly different from the beginning of the layin. Both parts are just about designing shape. The shadow mapping stage though is focused on the shapes created by the light source. The first part of the layin is focused on the shapes of the rhythms and structure (these don’t change no matter where the light source is)

  4. Daniel says:

    HiStan,

    Thanks for your guidance to help us in improving our drawings. I would like to ask you a general Question.

    How do you decide the darkness of the half tones. Is it considered part of the light area?

    thanks for the opportunity to give us to ask you questions.

    Regards,
    Daniel

  5. Paulivey Paulivey says:

    Hi Stan, great tutorials but I have just one problem with them. At the end of each stage, could you give me a second so I could see the picture without your hand in the way, and without the onscreen writing?

    Btw, you’re a great teacher and I’m glad you’re teaching me.

    Thank you.

  6. This iѕ ɑ topic whgich is close to mmy heart… Thank you!
    Where are your contact details though?

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