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How to Add Anatomy to Your Figures

April 1, 201421 Comments

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Alright! Welcome to Proko my name is Stan Prokopenko. Last year I showed you guys everything I know about drawing the figure and now I’ll show you how to add anatomy to your figure drawings. What is a figure without anatomy anyway, right??

You could buy some of those heavy anatomy books, but really… You don’t need it. After this video you’re gonna know everything you need about anatomy.

So last time we set up the foundation of the drawing. If you don’t have this down yet, I highly recommend going back and reviewing the previous lesson.. If the foundation is weak, the house will collapse.

If you thought the last episode was hard, you have no chance with this one. You’re gonna be really confused. Ok, so let’s continue. I like to start at the top and work my way down.

  • The first muscle is the trapezius going down the length of the neck.
  • Next lets do the deltoids. Since he’s lifting his arm up, the deltoids are going to activated. So make sure to make these extra curvy.
  • Under the shoulders are the chest muscles called pectoralis major.
  • Biceps. And triceps on the bottom. Bony part at the elbow and then the forearm muscles.
  • I’m going to make this guy really lean, so I’ll give him an 8 pack! This group of muscles is called the abdominals.
  • So, right now it looks a bit too simple for my taste. I want to add some details. 3 detailed dots for the Belly button and nipples.
  • Now, just add some fun stuff down here. You will need to decide at this point if you’re drawing a boy or a girl. There is a difference.
  • Finally let’s draw his legs. The legs have very large muscles especially on an athletic body like this, so I’ll emphasize the muscularity in these lines.
  • Now draw the Knee caps
  • And the calf muscles

So, in just a few minutes I was able to draw all the muscles of the body!

Ok, now that you know everything about anatomy! Get out there and DRAW! Happy April 1st :P

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Comments (21)

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  1. Josh says:

    I knew I was doing it right, thanks for confirming

  2. Inga says:

    Thanks! =D
    That was nice! And you are so cool! =)

  3. Tunde says:

    Thanks Proko for these great thoughts for April 1. You made my day! I always knew you’re a funny guy. ;)

  4. Craig says:

    …you got me. :)

  5. Camilo Cunha says:

    the most instructive anatomy class ever.

  6. Kirsty says:

    The email was sent at 1 minute past midday. Pretty sure that’s illegal for 1 April.

  7. Krystal says:

    Oh Proko, this was a good one ! :-)
    For a moment, I wondered (what the.. ??)
    … you made my day !! :-)

    (By the way, the day you make a long-term anatomy class, I am in !)

  8. Jeff Thomas says:

    Great video! Is there a bulk discounts available on DVD purchases?

  9. Sue says:

    Ha ha ha ha ! So, April second you will let us know what’s planned and when it’s coming?

  10. Jeff Thomas says:

    Maybe a few dozen, I will email support ASAP.

    I’m am looking forward to purchasing your new anatomy series. Even though I’m still trying to master gesture and the bean my credit card is ready for anatomy.

  11. Malcolm Marcus says:

    How can I tell if I’ve drawn a belly button detail dot or a nipple detail dot?

    • Malcolm, 90% of belly button detail dots will be concave. The other 10% are convex, also known as “outies”. Nipple detail dots are all convex.

      Also, it’s about placement. Belly button detail dots will be placed on the center line of the front of the torso under the “6-pack” portion of the abdominals. The nipple details dots come in pairs and are located on the pectorals major muscles.

      Hope this helps!

  12. Rob McDonald says:

    This was your least helpful lesson but your drawing has improved. There are at least three other muscles you didn’t draw at all. The lardisimus the gloots and the wallet abductors.

  13. gerald creed says:

    This isn’t just about anatomy. Stan! Gestures, Beans, Mannequins, Figure Drawing!!! When do I use which one or all at once or one at a time? Do I gesture everyone or measure the models head and do the figure drawing without first gesturing? Do you see how confused I am? Please help! Transition advice called for.

    Otherwise, as a very proud Premium member, I am very proud and happy.

    • Another student asked me a similar question recently. Here’s what I think:

      As for your question about when to use the concepts.. You’re always using them all. You don’t have to draw the actual bean, but once you do it hundreds or thousands of times, your mind automatically considers the aspects of the bean and applies it in your decisions as you’re drawing the shapes of the anatomy. The same with the geometry concepts like robo-bean and mannequinization. You don’t have to literally draw the boxes, but you must consider the simple 3d forms as you’re designing the detailed forms. The simple forms must be apparent in the end of the drawing. It’s not obvious, like lines indicating a box, but it shows in the way you shade the planes of the body. Or the way you design the angles of the contours. All of these concepts are important to practice separately and then in layers. Once you’ve mastered them (after a few years) you don’t have to draw as many constructions lines. Though sometimes they can be very useful when you’re faced with a difficult problem.

      The process I use now when I draw a longer figure drawing is this:

      1. Lightly draw the gesture. And measuring the proportions as well.
      2. Consider the 3d forms (mannequin) and draw the important ones for the particular pose.
      3. Anatomy and contour details
      4. Shadow mapping
      5. 2 value drawing. Consider the value composition of the whole drawing. Include the background in the 2 value drawing.
      6. Detailed shading. working on the plane changes, making the forms 3d by indicating highlights, halftones, shadows etc..

      • I creed--- gerald creed says:

        Exactly what I needed to hear; gesture and proportion first to establish rhythm and proceeding with consciousness of eventual 3d full bodied and accurate rendering. Now I can proceed knowing where I’m headed.
        I’m going to purchase Portrait earlier than needed just to thank you for great instructions. Now if I could only draw a straight line!!!

        Regards, gerald

  14. Hello Stan! Nice video, but you owe us one about how to connect the head bone to the neck bone to the back bone, to the thigh bone, to the knee bone, to the leg bone, to the foot bone, to the heel bone, to the toe bone. :-)

  15. Leandro says:

    Ok maybe this is a little off topic, but in the anatomy series you going to explain some concepts about drapery? There will be series of painting and other stuff in future?

  16. Manuel says:

    Is been a great teaching from you guy.keep up the good work but help me draw like you.i can draw but not to expectation.teach me.

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